Selva Prabhakaran

Selva is the Chief Author and Editor of Machine Learning Plus, with 4 Million+ readership. He has authored courses and books with100K+ students, and is the Principal Data Scientist of a global firm.

Python

Object Oriented Programming (OOPS) in Python

Object oriented programming is an effective way of writing code. You create classes which are python objects, that represented meaningful entities which defines its own behaviour (via methods) and attributes. Let’s understand what a class is and the concepts behind Object Oriented Programming in Python Everything you have encountered so far in Python, such as …

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conda vs miniconda vs anaconda

Conda create environment and everything you need to know to manage conda virtual environment

Typical python projects uses multiple packages for various tasks. And some of the packages are shared between projects as well. Sharing same packages between projects can cause problems. How? When you update one of the packages used in a project, it might cause compatibility issues in the other packages that use it. On upgrading, it …

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ARIMA Model – Complete Guide to Time Series Forecasting in Python

Using ARIMA model, you can forecast a time series using the series past values. In this post, we build an optimal ARIMA model from scratch and extend it to Seasonal ARIMA (SARIMA) and SARIMAX models. You will also see how to build autoarima models in python ARIMA Model – Time Series Forecasting. Photo by Cerquiera …

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Standard Error in Statistics – Understanding the concept, formula and how to calculate

Standard error of the mean measures how spread out the means of the sample can be from the actual population mean. Standard error allows you to build a relationship between a sample statistic (computed from a smaller sample of the population) and the population’s actual parameter. Standard Error – A practical guide with examples. Photo …

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Confidence Interval in Statistics – Formula and Full Calculation

Confidence interval is a measure to quantify the uncertainty in an estimated statistic (like the mean) when the true population parameter is unknown. Training Custom Text Classification Model in spaCy. Photo by Jessica Wong. You will know 1. What is Confidence Interval? 2. Two types of Confidence Intervals problems 3. Difference between Population parameter vs …

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T Test (Students T Test) – Understanding the math and how it works

T Test (Students T Test) is a statistical significance test that is used to compare the means of two groups and determine if the difference in means is statistically significant. In this one, you’ll understand when to use the T-Test, the different types of T-Test, math behind it, how to determine which test to choose …

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p-value Intuition

What is P-Value? – Understanding the meaning, math and methods

P Value is a probability score that is used in statistical tests to establish the statistical significance of an observed effect. Though p-values are commonly used, the definition and meaning is often not very clear even to experienced Statisticians and Data Scientists. In this post I will attempt to explain the intuition behind p-value as …

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vector autoregression model feature image

Vector Autoregression (VAR) – Comprehensive Guide with Examples in Python

Vector Autoregression (VAR) is a forecasting algorithm that can be used when two or more time series influence each other. That is, the relationship between the time series involved is bi-directional. In this post, we will see the concepts, intuition behind VAR models and see a comprehensive and correct method to train and forecast VAR …

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Mahalanobis Distance Feature

Mahalanobis Distance – Understanding the math with examples (python)

Mahalanobis distance is an effective multivariate distance metric that measures the distance between a point and a distribution. It is an extremely useful metric having, excellent applications in multivariate anomaly detection, classification on highly imbalanced datasets and one-class classification. This post explains the intuition and the math with practical examples on three machine learning use …

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datetime in Python

datetime in Python – Simplified Guide with Clear Examples

datetime is the standard module for working with dates in python. It provides 4 main objects for date and time operations: datetime, date, time and timedelta. In this post you will learn how to do all sorts of operations with these objects and solve date-time related practice problems (easy to hard) in Python. datetime in …

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Principal Component Analysis – How PCA algorithms works, the concept, math and implementation

Principal Components Analysis (PCA) is an algorithm to transform the columns of a dataset into a new set of features called Principal Components. By doing this, a large chunk of the information across the full dataset is effectively compressed in fewer feature columns. This enables dimensionality reduction and ability to visualize the separation of classes …

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Logging in Python

Python Logging – Simplest Guide with Full Code and Examples

The logging module lets you track events when your code runs so that when the code crashes you can check the logs and identify what caused it. Log messages have a built-in hierarchy – starting from debugging, informational, warnings, error and critical messages. You can include traceback information as well. It is designed for small …

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Matplotlib histogram feature

Matplotlib Histogram – How to Visualize Distributions in Python

Matplotlib histogram is used to visualize the frequency distribution of numeric array by splitting it to small equal-sized bins. In this article, we explore practical techniques that are extremely useful in your initial data analysis and plotting. Content What is a histogram? How to plot a basic histogram in python? Histogram grouped by categories in …

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Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science

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Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science

Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science

Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science

Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science

Machine Learning A-Z™: Hands-On Python & R In Data Science